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Types of Depressive Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder – This is the most commonly diagnosed depressive disorder, and it is estimated that roughly 16.2 million American adults have experienced a major depressive episode at least once during their lifetime. People who suffer from major depressive disorder experience symptoms associated with depression on a near daily basis.
Persistent Depression – This type of depressive disorder is characterized by symptoms of depression that do not resolve for at least two years. The symptoms can include deep feelings of sadness, feelings of hopelessness, changes to appetite, changes to sleeping patterns, low self-esteem, a lack of energy and a lack of interest in activities that were previously enjoyed.
Atypical Depression – This type of depressive disorder is characterized by symptoms of depression that resolve when a person experiences a positive event. For example, someone who is in the middle of a depressive episode might experience resolved symptoms after getting a new job or entering into a new romantic relationship. However, the symptoms associated with depression come back in time.
Manic Depression/Bipolar Disorder – Manic depression and bipolar disorder are both characterized by periods of mania followed by periods of extreme sadness. In order for someone to be diagnosed with manic depression, he or she must experience a manic episode that lasts for at least 7 days and experience a depressive episode before or after the manic episode.